‘Yes, I know you know how to read the words.’ I reply. ‘But, do you understand the significance of what you’re reading?’
It’s a battle (which DOES have something to do with the all boy cohort) to get a lot of them to read independently but getting them to think about their reading skills helps. Sharing the reading strategies listed in the reference section of this blog encourages them to think about more than just enunciating the letters on the page. It gives them what many boys need – short term goals. They can see how to progress.
Regularly (because they forget) I use these reading strategies to discuss how they are going to approach a new text. We start by skimming and scanning for ideas we understand, then we move on to asking questions of what we don’t understand and reading backwards and forwards for clues. This naturally leads to inferring and interpreting and finally, they feel confident to develop their own ideas about the text. This also works really well in small group guided reading.
With non-fiction and media texts, this can be followed up with ‘What I knew, what I learned, what else I want/need to know’ which can prepare them, with clear goals, for independent research. When reading fiction, starting with the reading strategies gives them a lot more confidence to proceed with voicing their own opinions about writer’s point of view and how readers might react
I’m open for discussion, but in long term planning I try to structure the reading strategies alongside Bloom’s taxonomy – progressing through continuous and overlapping arcs of learning.
- Knowledge – skimming and scanning
- Comprehension – asking questions, reading backwards and forwards
- (Application – categorising, organising, re-presenting facts)
- Analysis – interpreting, inferring, visualising, predicting. empathising
- Synthesis – Synthesising to develop own ideas
- (Evaluation – judging effectiveness of own and others’ texts)
I like this diagram from headguruteacher.com which illustrates how I like to think I progress, using the reading strategies, through a unit of work